Even though there has been the progress in use of the energy efficiency and renewable energy, or expanding access of energy over past some years, world today isn’t on the right track to meet the international weather goals established, and international goals for the sustainable development. Energy experts like Douglas Healy thinks that there is some urgent action required to change the energy systems. Furthermore, we won’t meet the goals under the UN Sustainable Development 7 for increasing the renewable energy, energy access and energy efficiency if we still continue to down our present energy path. In Midwest, renewable energy is the win-win situation for the utilities and ratepayers at such point.
Today wind energy is increasing in the prominence that the fossil fuel plants now are looking very risky from the financial and the regulatory perspective. The long-term commitment for energy policy of Midwest is now transforming the area’s energy system, environment and economy. So, by tapping in the huge renewable energy potential or manufacturing knowledge, Midwest is poised in becoming the world top leader in the renewable energy.
Over 20 years before Roots of such growth were planted. In the years 1993. Union of the Concerned Scientists released their Powering Midwest. Study that laid the strong vision for biomass, wind, as well as distributed generation. During that time, around 3 quarters of the global wind capacity with most in Denmark — and nothing in Midwest. Over 35 US states have already used the mandatory and voluntary RES as way of achieving the suite of the policy goals, like:
- Adding to the domestic US energy production as well as creating the energy production in the states. That lack on fossil fuel resources.
- Creating the diverse energy supply, decreasing any risk to the consumers or stabilizing the prices;
- Decreasing air emissions or other environmental impacts
- Providing jobs or economic development opportunities, in deployment or in manufacturing, and in the hard-hit areas
RES sets the long-term direction on energy development. Giving proper guidance to the regulators, utilities as well as power plant developers. Transmission line investors, developers, manufacturers, job training programs, economic developers, and university researchers. Certain Department of the Development acknowledges benefits of such policies when this touts state’s “simple access to the profitable markets” and “close proximity to over 46,104MW of the new renewable energy capability required by (the RES policies) in the neighborhood states,” which includes 4,457MW in Ohio standard Using the renewable (oppose to the fossil fuels) brings advantages or opportunities, and ranging from the environmental and political and socio-economic.
Fighting the Climate Change
Fossil fuels burning for the energy results in significant amount of the greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to the global warming. Most of the sources of the renewable energy generally result in very little or no emissions. Even while considering full cycle of these technologies.
Decreasing air pollution or improving the public health just by reducing emissions and pollution. The worldwide increases in the fossil fuel-based industrial activity. Road transport, or power generation also contribute to the higher levels of the air pollution. In a developing countries, use of the fuel wood and charcoal for cooking and heating contributes to the poor indoor quality of air.
Bringing some added benefits. The renewable will provide the lower rates and the stable energy costs. There are opportunities for development of the local industry, and higher job opportunities. Renewable will bring higher resilience and reliability of energy system as well as energy supply. That includes resilience to the weather-related strong impacts of the climate change. For instance, after hurricanes hit east coast of US in the year 2012. Locations in the NY metropolitan area started investing in the renewable and the micro grids in order to help prevent the power shortages during the future storms.
There are many opportunities for increasing the renewable energy in cooling, heating, as well as transport. The Renewables will meet the heating demands even in the buildings, which includes through the biomass boilers, solar thermal heaters, or use of the heat pumps.In industry foods processing, pulp and paper will be used for heating or cooling processes in industry.
Thus, reducing energy demand of the buildings or industry is important for transitioning to the renewable energy system. So integrated policy approach for renewable energy as well as energy eﬀiciency will be fundamental.