What Is Terrarium? And How To Make Basic Terrarium

Table of Content

Gardening is perhaps the most popular and beneficial of all DIY activities. But behind every beautiful flowering and bountiful harvest, there are many hours of digging, weeding, pruning, and fertilizing. So if you’re looking for an easier way to enjoy gardening, consider building a terrarium with glass containers. Terrariums are becoming increasingly popular due to their easy maintenance, natural beauty, and minimal footprint, which means they are suitable for gardeners who do not have open spaces. However, before you start building your terrarium, decide where you want to live in your home.

For most plants, you want a location that receives indirect sunlight because glass containers increase sunlight. Continuous, direct sunlight increases the temperature inside the terrarium too high. On the other hand, you don’t want to install the terrarium in a place without sunlight, i.e., B. in a dark hallway, basement, or corner of the room.

What Is Terrarium?

A terrarium is a collection of small ornamental plants that grow indoors. Terrarium containers are usually transparent and have openings large enough to allow the gardener to access the plants inside. The best thing about pet terrariums is that you can create something unique. We’ve provided everything you need to know about making a terrarium. From definition and inspiration to creation and maintenance, you’ll be enjoying your miniature garden in no time. Before you roll up your sleeves, make sure you have all the gear you need to get started.

How To Make Basic Terrarium

Following are the steps are for making a basic terrarium.

1- Use Glass Container

You can also use Plastic to make terrariums, but glass is a much more popular and aesthetically pleasing choice. While many glass containers are made just for terrariums, you can use any glass container for a terrarium. You want to choose a container with an opening large enough to accommodate your plants and other items. Small utensils can help you fit everything into the terrarium case if the opening is too small (like a glass bottle). Ideally, you want to make sure your plants don’t touch the walls of your container. So remember when choosing a glass container. You may find great terrarium containers at your local craft store, hobby store, kindergarten, or even a mail-order/savings store. There are also many great options online. Below are some of the types of containers that have been popular over the last few years.

2- Add Some Plants

Luckily, there are a wide variety of different plants that can be used to make your terrarium. Many of these plants can be obtained from local nurseries or even online, such as Amazon or Etsy. When choosing your plants, make sure you understand the conditions your plants can thrive in. If you want to have more than one plant in your terrarium, choose plants with similar requirements but differing in shape, texture, color, or size. Try to choose an odd number of plants for your terrarium, as these are the most aesthetically pleasing. When selecting plants for your terrarium, pay attention to the following: Watering frequency, moisture required, the necessary amount of sunshine, Air circulation is needed, Types of soil for planting.

Some plants used in terrariums:

  • Air plant – Tillandsia stricta
  • Different succulents
  • Cacti are different
  • Neural plants – Fittonia verschaffeltii var. Argyoneura
  • Prayer plant – Maranta leuconeura kerchoveana
  • Sea Star Plant – Cypthathus bivittatus
  • Valley of the Moon – Pilea involucrata
  • Planting against baby’s tears – Helxine Soleirolii
  • Victorian brake fern – Pteris ensiformis
  • Bird’s Nest Fern – Asplenium nidus
  • New Zealand mother fern – Asplenium bulbiferum
  • Creeping Picture – Ficus pumila

3- Add Layers For Drainage

Another foremost step of making a terrarium is to make some layers for drainage. Your container doesn’t have drainage holes at the bottom, so you’ll need to create a drainage layer to protect water from the plant roots. Place a layer of moss on the bottom of your terrarium to collect additional water. Preferable to start with a 2-inch layer of rock at the bottom of the terrarium, not moss. A tall, narrow terrarium requires a deeper layer of drainage stone than a wide, shallow container. Use a large spoon or shovel to rub a 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch layer of activated charcoal onto the stone and remove and control the smell. This step makes your terrarium life too long and makes it beautiful.

4- Activate Charcoal

Since the glass container will not have outgoing drainage holes at the bottom like planter pots, you’ll need to create a layer to act as one. Will use this base to help prevent the retention of excess water in your soil. Excess moisture in the soil can damage the roots of the plants. First, you need to place a layer of small rocks or pebbles on the bottom of your container. Then a thin layer (roughly 1/2 inch) of activated charcoal will be placed on top of the gravel. The activated charcoal will help to catch unspecified impurities in the miniature ecosystem. Activated charcoal can generally be purchased at a nursery, pet store. Ideally, the last step of your drainage layer is to add some sheet moss (like Spanish or Sphagnum moss). This layer of moss will ensure that your soil doesn’t seep into the pebbles.

5- Potting Soil

Then place a layer of moss on the rock and coal. This is to prevent your next layer of soil from mixing with coal and rock and add visual interest to your terrarium. Using a large spoon or small trowel, add the all-purpose sterile mixture to the moss. Add as much of the casting mix as possible – at least a few inches. However, be careful to keep the soil low enough for the plants to fit without touching the top of the terrarium. Ensure you choose the most suitable pot base for your plants, as this layer will serve as plant food. A common type of potting soil that suits most plants used in terrariums is African purple soil. Rapid soil drainage works best if you build a terrarium with succulents. Soil should be placed as the next layer above the drainage layer. Use a small spoon or large spoon to do this.

6- Decorate The Terrarium

If you wish, decorate the inside of the terrarium with small figures, shells, or other odd accents between the plants. Some people like to add small decorative elements to the terrarium to give it a unique touch. You can also place a layer of moss or gravel on the ground if desired. Fairy gardening is a popular hobby that involves creating a small stilt-like your terrarium is a fairy house. Can do this with small items like this pack containing 120 accessories of mushrooms, small flowers, ladybugs, and other things.

7- Give Water The Terrarium

Water the plants in the terrarium with a spray or sprinkler with a rose attachment in the spout to keep it only damp but not wet. Use a spray bottle to remove dirt from the glass side of the container, which you can then clean with newspaper or newspaper. Check the terrarium every week to see if it needs water. When the soil feels dry, spray with water to keep your plants hydrated. If mold grows on your terrarium, remove it as soon as possible. This fungus growth is most likely due to too much water in your terrarium. If there is too much water in the closed terrarium, you can leave the container open for a few days so the water can evaporate.


Terrarium is very easy to make! All you need to get started are a few items – a container, plants, small pebbles, activated charcoal, and soil. You can also add other decorative elements for a unique touch. The most important part of making a terrarium is choosing plants. Make sure you understand the plant’s need for watering and sunlight before choosing your container. Alternatively, you can select your container first and make sure you choose the right plants for it. Enjoy the process of making your first terrarium.

Sohaib Farooq

Lucy J, a veteran voice in the data recovery industry. With more than a decade of experience and knowledge. Lucy now writes blogs and posts on data recovery, data management, and resolving issues and errors for Yodot. Apart from Yodot, her posts and articles regularly get published on various forums and websites.

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